Amazwe atyikitye ngokusemthethweni ishishini lesixhobo se-RCEP lingenise imeko entsha yorhwebo

Nge-15 kaNovemba ka-2020, kwafika iindaba ezinkulu kwaye zaba ngumxholo wamazwe kwihlabathi liphela.Emva kweminyaka esibhozo yothethwano, iinkokeli zamazwe ali-15, kuquka iChina, iJapan kunye neSingapore, zityikitye isivumelwano seRCEP ngenkomfa yevidiyo.

Kufunyaniswe ukuba i-RCEP ibhekisa ngokubanzi kuBudlelwane obuBanzi boQoqosho oluBanzi, kwaye amazwe angamalungu ayo aquka i-Indonesia, iMalaysia, iiPhilippines, iThailand, iSingapore, iBrunei, iCambodia, iLaos, iMyanmar, iVietnam, iChina, iJapan, iRiphabhlikhi yaseKorea, eOstreliya. kunye neNew Zealand.Esi sivumelwano sibandakanya ukupheliswa kwemiqobo yorhwebo yangaphakathi, ukudalwa kunye nokuphuculwa kwendawo yotyalo-mali yasimahla, ukwandiswa kweenkonzo zorhwebo, ukukhuselwa kwamalungelo obunini kushicilelo lwengqondo, umgaqo-nkqubo wokhuphiswano kunye neminye imimandla.
Ngokwesivumelwano phakathi kwamazwe ali-15 aya kwamkela indlela yamazwe amabini yorhwebo lweempahla lwenza ilungiselelo, emva kokuba isivumelwano siqala ukusebenza phakathi kommandla ngaphezu kwama-90% orhwebo ngempahla ekugqibeleni luya kufumana irhafu engu-0, kwaye ubukhulu becala ithobe ngoko nangoko. iirhafu ukuya ku-zero kunye neerhafu ezisezantsi ukuya kwi-zero iminyaka eyi-10, kulindeleke ukuba yenze indawo yorhwebo yasimahla ye-RCEP ngexesha elifutshane kakhulu zonke izibophelelo zokukhulula urhwebo lweempahla.

UMphathiswa wezeMali uthe ukusayinwa ngempumelelo kwe-RCEP kudlala indima ebaluleke kakhulu ekwandiseni ukuvuseleleka koqoqosho lwasemva kobhubhane kunye nokukhuthaza impumelelo yexesha elide kunye nophuhliso lwawo onke amazwe.Ukukhawuleziswa okuthe kratya kokukhulula urhwebo kuya kuzisa amandla amakhulu kuqoqosho lwengingqi kunye nokuchuma kwezorhwebo.Iinzuzo ezikhethekileyo zesiVumelwano ziya kuba luncedo ngokuthe ngqo kubathengi kunye namashishini amashishini, kwaye ziya kudlala indima ebalulekileyo ekutyebiseni ukhetho kwimarike yabathengi kunye nokunciphisa iindleko zorhwebo kumashishini.

Ukutyikitywa kwaso nasiphi na isivumelwano ekugqibeleni kuya kubuyela kuphuhliso loqoqosho kunye neenzuzo ebantwini.Kwishishini lesixhobo kunye nesixhobo saseTshayina, ukusayinwa kwe-RCEP kuya kukhuthaza kakhulu "ukuphuma" kunye "nokungenisa" isixhobo saseTshayina kunye noshishino lwesixhobo, ukuvula imeko entsha yorhwebo.
Njengesixhobo kunye nezixhobo ezisetyenziswa kakhulu kushishino, kwezolimo, kuphando lwezenzululwazi kunye nezinye iinkalo zokulinganisa, ukuqokelela, uhlalutyo nolawulo, izixhobo kunye neemveliso zemitha zigubungela phantse zonke iinkalo zemisebenzi yabantu.Emva kwamashumi eminyaka yophuhliso, isixhobo kunye noshishino lwesixhobo China uye waseka udidi imveliso ngokwentelekiso epheleleyo, kunye isikali ethile imveliso kunye nophuhliso umthamo wenkqubo yoshishino, ukukhula ngokukhawuleza kakhulu, ezinye iimveliso ukuhlangabezana neemfuno kwimarike yasekhaya, kodwa kwakhona inani elikhulu. yokuthunyelwa kumazwe angaphandle kwimarike yaphesheya.

Kuyinyani ukuba imirhumo yase-US ibeke uxinzelelo kwingeniso yabathengisi abaninzi abathumela ngaphandle ukusukela oko kwaqala imfazwe yorhwebo ka-2018, kodwa kulo nyaka uphelileyo uninzi luzimisele ngokuzama ukohlula iimarike zabo ukunciphisa ifuthe leerhafu zase-us.

Ngeli xesha, inzuzo ekhawulezayo yokusayinwa kwe-RCEP kukuncitshiswa kweerhafu zorhwebo phakathi kwamazwe angamaLUNGU esiVumelwano, okwenza kube lula kwiinkampani ukuba zityale kwaye zithumele iimpahla kunye neenkonzo kwamanye amazwe.Kumashishini abandakanyeka kurhwebo lokuthumela ngaphandle kwesixhobo kunye nemitha, kuluncedo ukunyusa imveliso kumazwe angaphandle, ukwandisa ingeniso yeshishini, ukuphucula ukukhuphisana kwemveliso kunye nokwandisa imarike yaphesheya kolwandle.

Ukongeza, ngenxa yokucuthwa kweerhafu, izixhobo kunye neemveliso zeemitha kwikhonkco loshishino jikelele lwentsebenziswano yamazwe ngamazwe kunye nentsebenziswano kunye nokufikeleleka ngakumbi, kwangaxeshanye, iimarike zamazwe ngamazwe kunye nezasekhaya zinokutshintshiselana ngokufanelekileyo kwempahla efunekayo, ekhuthaza ukungenisa amashishini asekhaya. isixhobo kunye neemveliso zemitha ukuhlangabezana neemfuno.

Ngeli xesha, amazwe ali-15 asayine i-RCEP.Kwifom yokuzinikela kwintlawulo yelizwe ngalinye, isixhobo kunye neemveliso zeemitha ezibandakanyekayo ziquka iifom zamaza, abahlalutyi be-spectrum kunye nezinye izixhobo kunye nezixhobo ezisetyenziselwa ukulinganisa umbane okanye ukuhlolwa.Oomatshini bokuvavanya kunye nezixhobo zobunzima, amandla, ukunyanzeliswa, ukuqina okanye ezinye iimpawu zomatshini;Izixhobo kunye nezixhobo zokuhlalutya ezibonakalayo kunye neekhemikhali (umz., ichromatograph yegesi, ichromatograph engamanzi, i-spectrometer).
Kuyabonakala ukuba ngokuphunyezwa kwemithetho efanayo yemvelaphi, iinkqubo zezithethe, ukuhlolwa kunye nokuvalelwa, imigangatho yobugcisa kunye neminye imithetho, ukupheliswa kweentlawulo kunye nezithintelo ezingezizo iintlawulo ziya kukhulula ngokuthe ngcembe umphumo wokudala urhwebo we-RCEP.Njengesixhobo sesibini esikhulu kunye nomvelisi weemitha kwihlabathi, ukukhuphisana kwesixhobo saseTshayina kunye neemveliso zemitha kuya kuphuculwa ngakumbi, kuxhamle amashishini amaninzi kunye nabathengi.


Ixesha lokuposa: Dec-02-2020